Online Test Series Inauguration of PLA covered by Etv | Best Coaching Fo...



Pahuja Law Academy Inaugurated the Online Test Series for Judiciary followed by the Digital India Campaign by our Prime Minister. This was a huge event covered by many major national media channels and press. We can that this step by Pahuja Law Academy is the biggest Revolution in Judiciary Coaching in India. Students can now test their Caliber at National Level with the help of Online Test Series of Judicial Services.







Know more about this at:- www.pahujalawacademy.com


Indian Judiciary: Levels and Appointment



The Indian Judiciary manages a precedent-based law arrangement of legitimate purview, in which traditions, points of reference and enactment, all classify the rule that everyone must follow. It has the truth be told, acquired the inheritance of the legitimate framework set up by the then colonial powers and the regal states since the mid-nineteenth century, and has halfway held qualities of practices from the ancient and medieval period.
Judiciary has different levels in India, like different courts each with different powers depending on the tier and jurisdiction bestowed upon them. Supreme court is on the top of that hierarchy followed by High Court. Chief Justice of India is on the top of Rank of officials is like this,

                      Class
Rank
Chief Justice of High Court
   1
Additional Justice/Registrar General
   2
Subordinate Justice
   3
District Judge
   4
Additional District Judge
   5
Special Judge
   6
Session\Criminal Judge
   7
Sub-Divisional Magistrate
   8
Chief Judicial Magistrate
   9
Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate
  10
Civil Judge (Senior Division)
  11
Secretary Magistrate
  12
Judicial Magistrate
  13
Judge (Junior Division)
  14

  • The Constitution and Judiciary
    • The judiciary translates the Constitution as its last arbiter. It is its obligation as ordered by the Constitution, to be its guard dog, by calling for investigation any demonstration of the governing body or the official, who generally, are allowed to establish or actualize these, from exceeding limits set for them by the Constitution. It acts as a gatekeeper in ensuring the crucial privileges of the general population, as cherished in the Constitution, from encroachment by any organ of the state. It likewise balances the clashing activity of energy between the inside and a state or among states, as allocated to them by the Constitution.
  • Appointment
    • According to the rules set by the government, President of India appoints judges of Supreme court and High Court from the list recommended by Collegium (a closed group of the CJI and senior-most judges of supreme court together with the Chief Justice of a High Court and its senior-most judges) for appointments to that court. After this, Memorandum of Procedure was being followed for appointments of judges.

    • Back then Judges were appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet. But after 1993, as held in the Second Judges' Case, the executive had the power to reject a name recommended by the judiciary. According to few sources, the executive had not been wise in using this power to reject the names of ineligible candidates recommended. The Collegium has been under criticism for while and opinions were asked.

    • One of the recommendations by a collegium was challenged in court. The court stated that any person has right to question the appointment of judges. But who should become a judge was a matter of opinion and could not be questioned.


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Cases That Changed Indian Laws



Sometimes there come cases which changed the course Indian of Indian laws. Sometimes a new law is made and the other time's old laws are amended so that they cannot be exploited more. Here, are talking about the cases which changed Indian laws forever.

  1. Rajagopal vs state of Tamil Nadu: In 1994, a prisoner had been convicted of murder and wrote and biography. He asked the weekly magazine in Madras to publish it and they decided to go ahead with it. The autobiography had details of the murder and the fact that many senior officials were also involved in it. The officials obviously scared and claimed the story to be false. They sued the publication for libel and defamation but the Supreme Court rolled the dice in the favor of media houses. Stated that, “ Public officials can only sue publishing houses if the published material was untrue.” This judgment for Rajgopal vs State of Tamil Nadu upheld the Freedom of Expression and Right to Privacy.


2.                  Vishakha and others vs the State of Rajasthan: In 1992, Bhanwari Devi, a social worker was gang-raped in a village in Rajasthan only because she tried to discourage a family’s efforts to wed their 1-year-old daughter.She filed a case and received a lot of support from NGO’s. Although their efforts didn’t help her cause directly they did help women all over the country. It led Supreme court to declare a prime verdict that helped protect women from sexual harassment at their workplace which by extension also established gender equality. Before 1997, there were no guidelines to deal with such cases at the workplace. As of April 2013, The sexual harassment of women at workplace (prevention, prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013 has been established and the Vishakha guidelines were certainly very crucial in making a new law.


3.                  MATHURA: On the night of 26 March 1972 a tribal girl Mathura was called on account of her brother lodging a complaint against her boyfriend. The officers at the station raped her and then let her go. Mathura decided to file a rape case against the constables. The Supreme Court declared their decision in favor of the policemen which was low for humanity, only by assuming that it was peaceful or consensual stating that there were no signs of struggle on Mathura’s body and that she did not raise any alarm. But Mathura said that they had threatened her into submission. There was a huge public uproar and finally, the case forced an amendment in the criminal law act 1983 of Indian Penal code which stated that “ Custodial rape was a punishable offense” and the method to deal with the ‘consent’ was henceforth was included under India’s rape laws.


4.                  Mary Roy vs the State of Kerala: Mary Roy, the mother of famous author Arundhati Roy decided to challenge the inheritance act when her father passed away without leaving a will. The Travancore Christian succession act, 1902 stated that if a man died without leaving a will for his daughter she would not be entitled to anything. A son would get the property. Mary Roy invoked Article 14 and fought for equality and property rights. Not just for herself but for Christian women. The Supreme Court ruled that the Indian succession act 1925 be applied to Christians in Travancore and Cochin too. The Act acknowledged her efforts and implied equal succession rights for sons and daughters making a huge win for Mary and the entire community


5.                  KM Nanavati vs the State of Maharashtra: Nanavati was a naval officer. His wife Silvia had an affair with his friend Prem Ahuja. On 27th April 1959, Silvia confessed to her husband that she was in love with Ahuja but he did intend to marry her. Nanavati then dropped his wife and children off at the theatre and went to confront Prem Ahuja. He asked him if he was willing to marry Silvia and take care of the children. He refused, so Nanavati shot him dead and turned himself in the intriguing story received a lot of media coverage and the jury was said to have been influenced by it. Nanavati’s connection with the influential families was also cited as reasons for the jury to rule in his favor. The case went to Bombay High court and they overruled the decision and found Nanavati guilty and sentenced him. After that case, jury system was abolished by knowing the fact that jury can be influenced.


So, these were some cases which changed the course of Indian judicial History which enlighten us with the fact that how judiciary had played its role in changing Indian history.



How Does It Feel To Judge Someone You Don't Know About?


Being at supreme authority in a courtroom is not an easy task where you hold hopes of so many people. You have to maintain the demeanor of the courtroom. You have to be unbiased and accurate with your knowledge of law and reference cases in the past. Those who can handle that pressure have ice like cool and calm minds. But a question arises, How does it feel to judge someone you don’t know? How can you judge that an accused is guilty or not? What if you gave a wrong judgment on which someone’s ‘life is dependent.

  • Giving answer to that, here are some excerpts of talks with random judges,
    • They say that they are like a normal human being like any of us but when they are given that seat of responsibility then the only thing they care about is that innocent should be saved and guilty should be punished.
    • Sometimes, when an accused is found guilty who doesn’t seem to be that much of criminalized mind then it becomes their responsibility that guilty should be sorry for what he had done and that’s why they punish him in a way that he learns his lesson.
    • Judges have a responsibility to create a better society, so every time punishing someone very harshly is not a good decision because then that person would become more inclined towards crime and we will fail to create a better society which is nation’s loss.
    • But, sometimes the scenario is wholly different from the previous when a criminal had done such a crime that doesn’t require mercy, be it a terrorist attack or mass killing of little children or someone got raped brutally. Humans like them are a virus to the society which if left alive will only get multiplied.
    • Judges have got a responsibility to create a better society in which they feel very proud.
 

This article was not about telling you the criteria or salary or syllabus of judicial services exam but it was an effort to show that how does it feel to be into that job you are aspiring for. You should know that being a judge is not only about getting a job and to spend all your life in luxury. You are the ones who will have an opportunity to give someone a chance to live its life once again from a new perspective. You are the guardian angels of a better society. Instead. it tells that how big responsibility you would have on your shoulders.

                                              Best of luck aspirants

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Interested In Judicial Services? Here Is What You Should Follow?

To judge if someone has done right or wrong needs some brilliant skills and when it comes with a big responsibility when the fate of the nation depends upon you. You have to be more responsible because there are people who have their belief in you that you will take the right decision. A judge has to be unbiased. In legal matters judge is the supreme authority. The only impartial man in the courtroom. Most of the times, people think that a judge and a magistrate are same but this is not the case. A judge has rights to preside over court proceedings either alone or within the jury. The Judge has more administrative powers and is responsible for handling criminal cases, federal cases, constitutional cases and high priority cases whereas on the other hand  Magistrate is considered as a state office who is responsible for handling smaller and minor cases. Appointment of the magistrate in Magistrate Courts is done by the Judge and he\she has limited power in terms of authority, law enforcement and jurisdiction. But what it is the criteria to become a judge? How can one become a judge? Here you will get all the answers:

  • Skills and qualities:
  • A judge should be unbiased, has brilliant work-ethics.
  • Better awareness of surroundings than any other present in the courtroom.
  • Honest
  • Patient
  • Committed
  • Self-confident
  • Impartial

  • How can one become the judge?

    • In order to become a Judge one has to qualify the Judicial Service Examination which is conducted by Public Service Commission of the respective States on annual basis. To appear for the exam, the candidate must hold a valid law graduate degree from a recognized university or institution and must have enrolled as an advocate in the state bar council. The age limit for appearing, however, may vary from State to State.
  • Age: Should not be more than 35 years. Relaxation for reserved categories.

  • Judicial Services Exam: This exam is conducted in two stages, namely:
    • Preliminary: This exam is conducted only for the purpose of shortlisting candidates for the Main Exam which is written.
      • Marks obtained in this exam will not be counted during the time of the making of final merit list.
      • Percentage, scheme, and syllabus may vary from state to state.
      • Usually, the minimum qualifying marks in the preliminary examination are 60% for General and 55% for Reserved categories (SC\ST\OBC\PWD).

  • Mains & Viva-voce: Marks obtained in these two are counted while making the final merit list.
    • Percentage, scheme, and syllabus may vary from state to state.
    • Those candidates who have obtained 40% marks in each written paper and 50% marks in aggregate (except candidates of reserved categories) are then called for viva voce test.
    • Marks obtained by the candidate in the Viva-voce are then added to the marks obtained in the Main Exam and the candidate’s position depends on the aggregate of both the exams

  • P.S :      
    • Only those candidates who have qualified JSE can be appointed as a judge.
    • For the detailed syllabus of the exam, refer to PSC websites of the respective states.     
To get the best training for Judicial Services Exam visit the website, www.pahujalawacademy.com          

India's First Online Test-Series for Judicial Services Exams by Pahuja Law Academy

  
Pahuja Law Academy, which is among top institutes for the preparation of judicial services exam in India has set-up another milestone by introducing India's First Test-Series for preparation of Judicial Services Exam. It was introduced on 6 March 2018 in an event covered by big media channels like Aaj Tak, Etv etc. Pahuja Law Academy has become the first judiciary institute to achieve this feat. So, it is obvious that it has to be the talk of the town especially for those who are in the business. Written media also acknowledged this event. It was also discussed on various media platforms. All you need to know about this test series is here.

This is How Online Test Looks while attempting:-




  • Key features of this test-series are :



  1. You can take this online exam from anywhere in India. That means you don’t have to worry about reaching exam center on time.
  2. Real-time results: You don’t have to wait for the result like other exams. As soon as you finish the exam, the result will be in your hand in just one click. Isn’t it amazing?
  3. Analysis:


  • State-wise: You can compare your marks with candidates within your state who are taking the same examination and can improve your performance according to that.
  • Time-management: You can improve your timing for question-solving and can improve in the respected areas which demand improvement according to that.
  • Subject-wise: If you want to check your result according to the subjects given in exams, that facility is also provided by PLA.
  • Topic-wise analysis: Make your fundamentals strong on any topic you want with topic-wise analysis facility provided by PLA.
  •  Test your waters by comparing your marks with topper at ALL India level.



  • Scholarship Programme: PLA has taken the initiative to provide the scholarship for preparation coaching for Judicial Services Exam, to those candidates who fulfill the criteria to be in the merit list of “All India Judiciary Test”.



Marks
Scholarship Amount (off on PLA’s one-year classes for JSE preparation)
Above 80%
Rs 5000/-
70%-80%
Rs 3500/-
60%-70%
Rs 2500/-
50%-60%
Rs 1000/-

  • Test Pattern:


  1. Objective type test same as the pattern of Preliminary Test in All-State Judiciary Exams.
  2. 30 Questions for one mark each with the time limit of 30 minutes.
  3. Negative marking = 0.25 marks.



  • Breakdown: Subject vs Questions vs Marks


Subject
Total Questions
Total Marks
Constitution Law
05
05
Contract
03
03
Civil Procedure Code
03
03
Criminal Procedure Code
03
03
Evidence Act
03
03
Hindu Law
03
03
Indian Penal Code
03
03
Muslim Law
03
03
Transfer of Property Act
04
04
Total
30
30




Here are some Sheen of the inauguration of the revolutionary Online Test Series:-












For more info check out the website www.pahujalawacademy.com

PLA is glad to annouce lecture on CrPC

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